Portraits

While looking for candids, I got portraits instead so yeah

Manual, f/5.6, 1/320, ISO 100, 75mm, Canon ROS T5i
Manual, f/5.6, 1/1250, ISO 3200, 300mm, Canon ROS T5i
Manual, f/5.6, 1/400, ISO 200, 75mm, Canon ROS T5i
Manual, f/4.5, 1/60, ISO 3200, 95mm, Canon ROS T5i
Manual, f/4.5, 1/125, ISO 3200, 120mm, Canon ROS T5i

Not my image below

Looks like someone’s principal in the yearbook picture, what a finely sharply dressed old man that randomly chose for to write about for this assignment. This doesn’t look like 25 words in a list to me well I rather do this that that.

JPEG vs RAW

JPEGs are processed and compressed, and saved. This makes jpegs have small file sizes, however you lose flexibility and overall image quality. RAWs are not processed and compressed, yielding larger files. I was referring to the flexibility of JPEGs, you have fewer options to edit the white balance, exposure, contrast, saturation, and sharpness, etc. Over exposed highlights can not be recovered in JPEGs, with RAWs you can still tone it down to some level of success. Details in under exposed photos will be lost completely while RAWs will have a better chance of recovery. RAWs come in different file formats due to each camera brand being different, such as .ARW for some Sony cameras, .CR2 for some Canon cameras, .NEF for some Nikon cameras, and so on. RAWs have to converted into a other standard image format to be uploaded to websites (like to PNGs, TIFFs, BMPs, etc).

Portrait Photography Tips

  1. Make your photo have a story.
  2. Shoot in RAW, this gives you more flexibility later on if you need to fix something in post.
  3. Use natural light to your advantage
  4. Off center your subject, sometimes is better than being centered
  5. Your subject doesn’t have to look directly at the camera, they can be looking at something out of view
  6. Framing your subject can help
  7. Make your subject feel comfortable, let them express themselves
  8. Use a telephoto lens for better depth of view
  9. Editing can greatly improve your shots
  10. Take shots from different angles

White Balance

For accurate colors in your shots, you adjust white balance. Some photos may come out with a range, blue, yellow, etc tint to them. This is due to light sources having different temperature or color to them. Fluorescent lights add a blue tint while incandescent lights add a yellow tint. Your eyes generally do a good job of hiding this, however cameras need a some direction. It is possible to adjust it in post, but also on camera.

  • Auto: The camera will try its best to guess the right white balance, not for trickier lighting.
  • Tungsten: For incandescent lights, cools (blue) down the colors in the photo.
  • Fluorescent: For fluorescent lights, warms up your colors in the photo.
  • Sunny/Daylight: (not all cameras have this option, it seen as “normal/default” setting)
  • Cloudy: Warms your photo up
  • Flash: To compensate for the cool (blue) color of the flash, warms up your photo.
  • Shade: Being in the shade makes your photo cooler than being in sunlight so it warms up your photos

Word Art

Framing

Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 3456, ISO 1600, F 5.6, Shutter speed 1/250, 55mm, manual mode
Canon EOS Rebel T6, 3456 x 5184, ISO 3200, F 18, Shutter speed 1/15, 55mm, manual mode
Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 3456, ISO 100, F 5.6, Shutter speed 1/200, 30mm, manual mode
  1. I used manual for my metering mode, semi-automatic modes overexpose if the background is bright compared to the foreground, not something I wanted to deal with.
  2. No, not really
  3. I think the editing is fine, especially the first one
  4. If I can get a subject like a actually person to help me shoot then that is what I would do differently
  5. Of course not, not even remotely close

Action

Blur

Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 3456, ISO 400, F 20, Shutter speed 1/4, 55 to 18mm, TV mode

Sharp

Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 3456, ISO 800, F 14, Shutter speed 1/500, 36mm, TV mode
Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 3456, ISO 800, F 20, Shutter speed 1/500, 55mm, TV mode

Not my images below

File Formats

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group): JPEGs are the most common image format of all time, JPEGs have a smaller file size over other formats however compressed and lose quality.

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format): TIFFs are common within the the photography industry, they are uncompressed (bigger file size) with plenty of editing potential.

RAW: RAWs are the highest-quality files your camera can offer, each camera brand has a different raw format such as .CR2 for Canon cameras or .NEF for Nikon cameras. They have huge file sizes but retain all of the information originally captured, the white balance, exposure, contrast, saturation, and sharpness can be edited after taken. They also require special software to be edited and need to be converted to a other format to be uploaded.

DNG (Digital Negative Format): Due to the varieties of different RAW formats from each camera, you can convert any RAW files to DNGs providing a standard format for all.

PNG (Portable Network Graphics): PNGs are a lossless compressed format, meaning that they keep all the detail but at a smaller file size, a good balance. They also support transparency, partial and total.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format): I don’t know why would you use GIFs for photography but it is on the list, they are usually for sharing short basic animations not for images. They have a limited color palette of up to 256 colors and uses lossless compression

BMP (Bitmap Image File): BMPs are a other lossless format that saves each pixel’s color data without any compression, thus big file sizes.

PSD (Photoshop Document): The standard format when saving a file in Adobe Photoshop, allows the manipulation of multiple layers. Has to be exported as a other format such as a png or jpeg to used on web.

Depth of field

Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 3456, ISO 800, F 5.6, Shutter speed 1/200, 55mm, AV mode
Canon EOS Rebel T6, 5184 x 2120, ISO 800, F 16, Shutter speed 1/25, 18mm, AV mode

f 4, 1/100, 55mm

f 22, 1/60, 18mm

Half Baked Surrealism

I did not even use photoshop